Trading in services

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If you trade in services in the EU, the same rules as in Sweden often apply. You do not need to file a customs declaration if you are trading with countries in or outside the EU.

Goods or service?

Goods are material objects. Goods also include real property, gas, cooling and electric power. Services are everything else that can be supplied. Generally it is simple to determine what is a good, but in certain cases it can be difficult to draw a dividing line between goods and services.

Example: if a computer program is downloaded from a website it is counted as a service. But if the program is sold on a CD, DVD or the like, it can be counted as a good.

Read more about the dividing line between goods and services on the website of the Swedish Tax Agency (in Swedish)

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Trade in services in the EU/EEA

The EEA countries – the EU countries plus Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein – have a common market for services. If a service meets the requirements in Sweden, then this is often enough to enable it to be sold in other EU/EEA countries. But some areas are covered by national requirements and then a licence or the like may be needed to be allowed to perform the service.

Read more about importing services from the EU/EEA

Read more about exporting services to the EU/EEA

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Trade in services outside the EU/EEA

Trade in services with non-EEA countries is regulated by the WTO regulatory framework and the free trade agreements that the EU has signed with each country.

Read more about importing services from non-EU/EEA countries

Read more about exporting services to non-EU/EEA countries

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Standards, certification and marking of products and services

Products and services must meet requirements concerning, for example, function, safety and marking. Standards help you to see that your services meet these kinds of requirements.  

In most cases, standards are European or international which makes it easier for you to market your products on different markets.

You can prove that your service meets the requirements in a standard by having an independent organisation certify your service. There are also marks for certifying services.

Read more about standards, certification and marking of products and services

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