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Here you will find basic information about the brexit process and where you can find more information.
The UK has left the EU and a so-called transitional period is currently un-derway, with the same rules and laws in force as if they were still members of the EU. The transitional period expires on 31 December 2020. During the transition period, negotiations are in progress on the future relationship between the EU and the UK.
On this page you can read about:
- How to prepare yourself
- What may be affected once the transition period has expired?
- How can I prepare during the transition period?
It is not yet clear whether there will be an agreement and what it will look like. You should therefore keep yourself updated and follow the brexit news reports. Whether it becomes an agreement or not, you need to prepare your business for the fact that there will be changes for both trade in services and trade in goods.
Trade in goods
If you sell goods to or buy goods from the UK, you should map supply chains and see where you may encounter barriers when the UK leaves the EU. Apply for a permit and review certificates of origin and customs procedures. Be prepared that brexit will mean additional administrative work. Read about what it means to trade with non-EU countries.
You must also obtain an EORI number if you are trading with non-EU countries.
Trade in services
If you sell services to or buy services from the UK, make sure that you or the service provider know the rules and have permission and authorisations to perform the services.
Although the agreement is not yet finalised, you should be prepared for changes in several different areas.
Customs duties and rules of origin
Since trade with the UK will be treated as imports and exports, customs formalities will be required, such as submitting customs declarations. Goods may be subject to customs duties if the EU and the UK do not reach an agreement. Imports and export licences may also be required as bans or restrictions may apply to certain goods entering from the UK via the EU.
Inputs that you bring in via the UK and which are to be included in the pro-duction of goods and then resold within the EU or to a country under which the EU has free trade agreements with may not meet the requirements of EU origin. That means that you cannot get duty-free or reduced duties when exporting the item.
Contact the National Board of Trade Sweden or Swedish Customs for information on how to handle rules of origin for your goods.
New UK customs tariff 2021
The United Kingdom has published a customs tariff on which duty rates will apply to imports of goods into the UK. The customs tariff will be up-to-date if there is no free trade agreement between the EU and the UK. Whether there is a free trade agreement or not, it will apply to goods that do not comply with the rules of origin in the agreement.
When trade with the UK will be treated as imports and exports, there is a risk that it will take longer for goods to be shipped across borders. There-fore, expect longer transport times, find out if your carriers have the re-quired permits and at which locations entry and exit takes place. Search for alternative transport routes to shorten times.
Data transfer of personal data and cloud services
According to GDPR, you are not allowed to bring out personal data to countries outside the EU unless the EU determines that the country has a so-called adequate level for protection of personal data. How personal data will be managed is governed through a so-called adequacy decision by the EU commission and is not dependent on a free trade agreement. It is therefore important that you take appropriate safety measures in order for you to be able to transfer personal data to the UK.
After the transitional period, the same rules for VAT will apply as for non-EU countries. There are some exceptions where the same rules will still apply and special provisions for Northern Ireland
How brexit affects VAT at the Swedish Tax Agency (in Swedish)
When the transitional period ends, the free movement for people will also be stop. There will be no VISA requirement from either the EU or the UK for shorter stays. EU citizens are allowed to stay in the UK for a maximum of 90 days over a 180-day period, and the same applies to British citizens in EU countries. Under the Withdrawal Agreement, it is up to each EU country to draw up rules in order for British citizens to retain their rights after the transitional period.
If you have foreign employees residing in the UK, they must apply for so-called "settled" status from UK authorities.
There is as yet no agreement with provisions on what will apply if you want to send staff to the UK. If there is no agreement, the UK's new immigration system and commitment in GATS will apply.
You should keep yourself updated and follow the brexit news reports. If you want support you can for example contact your trade association or contact the authorities for information.
The European Commission has produced information for certain trades on preparing for Brexit.
The UK Government has produced a form that you fill out and then find out how you can prepare yourself.
The Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth has a list of most trade associations.
The Swedish government has information about Brexit and how they are monitoring it.
The UK Government has information for EU companies doing business with the UK about what will apply from 1 January 2021. The information is updated continuously.
Responsible: Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth